Links & Literature

Hofstede Insights is the global expert on national and organisational culture. Hofstede Insights provides training and consultancy in the field of culture and management. Over the years the organisation has expanded and has more than 100 certified consultants in more than 40 countries around the world.

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Professor Geert Hofstede conducted one of the most comprehensive studies of how values in the workplace are influenced by culture.

Through the publication of his scholarly book, Culture’s Consequences (1980, new edition 2001, Geert Hofstede (1928) became the founder of comparative intercultural research. His most popular book, Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind (1991, newest edition 2010, co-authored with Gert Jan Hofstede and Michael Minkov), has so far been translated into 20 languages.

Geert Hofstede’s articles have been published in social science and management journals around the world. He is recognised internationally for having developed the first empirical model of “dimensions“ of national culture, thus establishing a new paradigm for taking account of cultural elements in international economics, communication and cooperation. Later, he also developed a model for organisational cultures.

Through his varied and numerous academic and cultural activities in many different countries, Hofstede can be regarded as one of the leading representatives of intercultural research and studies. The findings of his research and his theoretical ideas are used worldwide in both psychology and management studies.

If you want to keep updated on his activities please visit his personal website at  

To learn more about the 6-D Model, go to the website fully dedicated to the 6-D Model©


SWEDECHRIS and Christian Erfurth has worked closely together with Professor Hofstede and is a member of Hofstede Insights since 1985.

Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, McGraw Hill, 2010, Geert & Gert Jan Hofstede, Michael Minkov.

Culture Smart! and Culture Shock! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs and behaviours in about 80 different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues.

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